Gel permeation chromatography solutions.
Robust system solutions for your GPC/SEC analysis and GPC Cleanup.
With KNAUER‘s almost 50 years of tradition in liquid chromatography systems, the company’s know-how and technology offer great solutions for GPC/SEC (Gel permeation chromatography / Size exclusion chromatography) based methods.
The AZURA GPC/SEC systems are the newest addition to Target Analysis chromatography portfolio. The GPC/SEC systems incorporate the well-established KNAUER pump and detector technology from the analytical HPLC systems category but are optimized and configured to meet the requirements of Gel permeation chromatography (GPC) and size exclusion chromatography (SEC) applications.
GPC /SEC – PRINCIPLES AND PARAMETERS
Principle of GPC/SEC
How does GPC/SEC work?
Gel Permeation Chromatography (GPC) and Size Exclusion Chromatography (SEC) separate analytes by size using special columns with a porous matrix. The basic separation principle relies on the fact that smaller molecules will be more likely to enter those pores, making their travel time through the matrix longer than that of larger molecules. Separations (typically of a mixture of polymers, polysaccharides or biomolecules) are facilitated by choosing optimal particle and pore sizes, as well as column length. GPC/SEC is often used in quality control and R&D.
GPC, SEC or GFC
Terminology in GPC
Gel Permeation Chromatography (GPC), Size Exclusion Chromatography (SEC) and Gel Filtration Chromatography (GFC) all essentially describe the same methodology, but the term GPC tends to be used in polymer chemistry by those working with aggressive, organic solvents, while SEC and GFC are more commonly used by those separating biomolecules using aqueous solvents (buffers) or to reflect the use of aqueous buffers in polymer separations. Systems with organic solvents or aqueous-based solvents present some inherent challenges.
The solvents used in polymer analysis are chosen for their ability to dissolve polymeric substances – and therefore may damage certain components of a device. And the use of salt buffers in SEC is harmful to metal components of the system. Hence, all liquid-contacting system components, from the valves and seals to tubing, must be carefully considered when developing such systems.
What do I need for GPC?
GPC columns are typically long and runs are performed at low flow rates of up to 1 ml/min and at low (<100 bar) pressures. For the precise molecular weight determination, which is the goal of most GPC/SEC users, a good isocratic pump is essential for a steady baseline. Also a degasser suitable for a wide range of partly highly aggressive solvents is very important to ensure reproducible results. Additionally, temperature is crucial for many GPC applications so a thermostat to control the column temperature is essential.
Due to the often very aggressive media used in polymer analysis, all wetted parts need to be compatible with the used solvent. Depending on the polymer it is important to keep this in mind when configuring a GPC system.
What is GPC Cleanup?
GPC Cleanup is a sample preparation method based on gel permeation chromatography (GPC). It is primarily employed for performing general cleanup tasks on a wide range of sample matrices such as foodstuffs, tissues, plants, and environmental samples.
High-weight molecular substances, such as lipids, proteins, natural resins, cellular components, and steroids, interfering with subsequent analysis e.g. of pesticides are efficiently removed.
WANT TO LEARN MORE ABOUT GPC/SEC?
Check out the basics of GPC/SEC webinar by KNAUER’s applications specialist Lisa Loxterkamp!
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